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SOBESSOS EXCAVATIONS


Sobessos is located in the southeast of Cappadocia near Sahinefendi village. It was found by a group of people by chance. Following searches and excavations showed us that this is an ancient city build in 4th century A.D. The excavations in Sobessos hold by Cultural Ministry, will light a dark part of Cappadocian history. In a few years of time, the Sobessos would be a part of the tours we conduct in Cappadocia.


THE MEETING HALL
It has an area of 400 m2 and consists of 3 rooms. There is a grave in the first room, the second room has mosaics and the third one, the main room, is supported by columns, its walls are plastered and its ground is covered with mosaics. It is estimated that this building could date back to the middle of 4th century or the 5th century AD.

THE ROOM WITH MOSAICS
Its ground is completely cleaned and is covered with mosaics that are made out of colorful stones. The patterns are geometrical with swastika, meander and cross shapes with the forms of hair braid.

THE GRAVE IN THE MAIN ROOM
The grave in the north of the main room is placed in the East-West position and has a raising cross on its lid. Right underneath of the grave's lid, there is another lid that prevents bad odor from spreading around. Both of the lids were made of lime mud. When both lids were opened, a skeleton of an adult male in a shroud whose hands were on his belly was discovered. The tissue samples of the skeleton were taken immediately. Because it was very worn-out, it is under protection in its original place. The skeleton belongs to the same period with the chapel that was added afterwards.

THE CHAPEL
The chapel is located on the upper floor of the meeting hall and is near the east room. It was coarsely built with materials that were supplied from the main hall. According to the coin that was found during the excavation, the chapel dates back to the middle of 6th century.

THE FIELD OF PEHLIVAN FAMILY
It was said that in the clover field of Pehlivan Family, to the north of the building with mosaics, another building with columns and mosaics existed. In order to investigate the rumor, it was decided to make an excavation with a depth of 2.20 meters on this field. As a result of this excavation, at the depth of 1.80 meters, a section of a stone based construction was discovered. The further excavation continued with a 4x4 meter width at 4 plan square and a section of the bath complex of the ancient city was brought to light at 2.30 meters deep. An apoditorium (dressing room) with mosaics, a caldorium (steam room) with the preserved sitting places, a large section of the cistern, supported by a semi-circle wall, were discovered. As the result of this excavation, it was realized that the apoditorium was covered with barrel-vault but it was burned at a fire. The bath was built with hypocaust system (hot air heating system) and the caldorium consisted of two sections.
At the depth of 2.50 meters, remains of a hexagon supported with a round terracotta tondos was discovered on the base.
This building, belonged to the late Roman period, was renovated for functional reasons during early Christian period. In the north of the caldorium, a large but well-preserved jar which was used for storing provisions at that time was discovered.
As the result, the ruins at Sahinefendi village dates back to the Roman and early Christian period (second half of the 4th century AD).



 
 

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